Please refer to Sources Of Energy MCQ Questions Class 10 Science below. These MCQ questions for Class 10 Science with answers have been designed as per the latest NCERT, CBSE books, and syllabus issued for the current academic year. These objective questions for Sources Of Energy will help you to prepare for the exams and get more marks.
Sources Of Energy MCQ Questions Class 10 Science
Please see solved MCQ Questions for Sources Of Energy in Class 10 Science. All questions and answers have been prepared by expert faculty of standard 10 based on the latest examination guidelines.
MCQ Questions Class 10 Science Sources Of Energy
Question: Which of the following is a non-renewable source of energy?
Question: What is the chemical name of marsh gas?
a) Coal gas
b) Petrol gas
Question: What kind of energy is possessed by water stored in dams?
a) Kinetic energy
b) Potential energy
c) Mechanical energy
d) Wind energy
Question: Two acidic oxides released on burning fossil fuels
a) Nitrogen oxides and Sulphur oxides
b) Sulphur oxides and Magnesium oxide
c) Carbon di oxide and Sulphur oxides
d) Carbon di oxide and Nitrogen oxides
Question: What is the use of glass sheet cover in solar heating device?
a) Cook food
b) Preserve vessel
c) Trap heat
d) Work as cover.
Question: Which isotope of uranium is used in nuclear fission in nuclear reactors?
Question: Why are the inner walls and bottom of the box-type solar cookers painted black?
a) Preserve food
b) gives colour
c) absorb heat
d) rust proof
Question: Which of the following sources of electricity involves more running expenses?
a) Thermal power station
b) Hydro power station
c) solar cells
d) Geothermal source
Question: Name one place in India where a wind energy power station has been established.
a) Tamil Nadu
Question: Around 25% of our country‘s energy requirement is met by
a) Hydro Power Plants
b) Geothermal Energy
c) Natural Gas
d) Thermal Power Plant
Question: Which material is used for connecting the solar cells in a solar panel?
Question: Hydro-power Plants convert the potential energy of falling water into
a) Geothermal energy
c) Natural Gas
d) atomic energy
Question: Acid rain happens because:
a) sun leads to heating of upper layer of atmosphere.
b) burning of fossil fuels release oxides of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur in the atmosphere.
c) electrical charges are produced due to friction amongst clouds. earth atmosphere contains acids.
d) earth atmosphere contains acids.
Question: Which one of the following forms of energy leads to least environmental pollution in the process of its harnessing and utilization?
a) nuclear energy
b) thermal energy
c) solar energy
d) geothermal energy
Question: Choose the incorrect statement regarding wind power:
a) It is expected to harness wind power to minimum in open space.
b) The potential energy content of wind blowing at high altitudes is the source of wind power.
c) Wind hitting at the blades of a windmill causes them to rotate. The rotation thus achieved can be utilized further
d) One possible method of utilizing the energy of rotational motion of the blades of a windmill is to run the turbine of an electric generator
Question: Ocean thermal energy is due to
a) energy stored by waves in the ocean
b) temperature difference at different levels in the ocean
c) pressure difference at different levels in the ocean
d) tides arising out in the ocean
Question: In a hydro power plant
a) potential energy possessed by stored water is converted into electricity.
b) kinetic energy possessed by stored water is converted into potential energy.
c) electricity is extracted from water.
d) water is converted into steam to produce electricity.
Question. Name a renewable source of energy
Question. Oxides of Carbon, Nitrogen and Sulphur released on burning of fossils fuels are harmful because
a) They are acidic oxides and can cause acid rains.
b) They cause noise pollution
c) They cause sound problem
d) They cause vision disorder
Question. Ocean-Thermal-energy conversion plants operate if
a) Water on the surface of oceans is cold
b) Temperature difference between the water at surface and water at depths up to 2 km is at least 293 K or 20o C
c) Temperature difference between the water at surface and water at depths up to 2 km is around 100oC
d) It is independent of temperature difference between the water at surface and water at depths
Question. On what basis would you classify energy sources as
a) Renewable and non-renewable
b) Exhaustible and inexhaustible
c) Renewable and exhaustible
d) options (a) and (b)
Question. Choose the correct statement: An ideal source of energy must be:
a) Economical and easily accessible
b) Smoke/pollution free, able to produce huge amount of heat and energy on burning
c) Easy to store and transport
d) All the above.
Question. Hydro Power Plants utilize the potential energy of water stored at a height by
a) Changing potential energy to kinetic energy of flowing (falling) water and then converting it to electrical energy
b) Changing potential energy to heat energy of water and then converting it to electrical energy
c) Changing potential energy to gravitational energy of water and then converting it to electrical energy
d) There is no interchange of energy takes place
Question. Power plants based on geothermal energy are found in:
a) South Africa
b) New Zealand
Question. India exploded her first underground nuclear device at
Question. Wood, coal, energy of flowing water and wind are considered to be:
a) Conventional sources of energy
b) Unconventional sources of energy
c) Renewable sources of energy
d) Non-renewable sources of energy
Question. Although charcoal is a clean and deter source of heat energy yet it cannot be used as a domestic fuel because it
a) cause environmental pollution
b) produce less heat energy
c) cannot be stored easily
d) is expensive fuel
Question. The material which is used in making solar cell is
Question. Pollution caused by burning of fossil fuels can be controlled to some extent
a) By increasing the efficiency of the combustion process.
b) By using fans in the vehicles
c) By increasing their cost.
d) Banning the use of fossils fuels
Question. The main constituent of CNG is
Question. In thermal power plant, heat energy is converted into
a) Light energy
b) Electrical energy
c) Sound energy
d) Potential energy
Question. What is the full form of OTEC?
a) Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion
b) Ocean Thermal Energy Current
c) One time energy
d) Ocean thermal energy concurrent
Question: Which is the ultimate source of energy?
d) fossil fuels
Question: The main constituent of biogas is
b) carbon dioxide
d) hydrogen sulphide
Question: Choose the correct statement:
a) Sun can be taken as an inexhaustible source of energy.
b) There is infinite storage of fossil fuel inside the earth
c) Hydro and wind energy plants are non-polluting sources of energy
d) Waste from a nuclear power plant can be easily disposed of
Question: The major problem in harnessing nuclear energy is how to:
a) split nuclei
b) sustain the reaction
c) dispose of spent fuel safely
d) convert nuclear energy into electrical energy
Question: Which part of the solar cooker is responsible for greenhouse effect?
a) Coating with black colour inside the box
c) glass sheet.
d) outer cover of the solar cooker
Question:Which of the following is a non-renewable source of energy?
c) fossil fuels
Question: The power generated in a windmill:
a) is more in rainy season since damp air would mean more air mass hitting the blades
b) depends on the height of the tower
c) depends on wind velocity
d) can be increased by planting tall trees close to the tower
Question: In a hydroelectric power plant more electrical power can be generated if water falls from a greater height because:
a) its temperature increases.
b) larger amount of potential energy is converted into kinetic energy.
c) the electricity content water increases with height.
d) more water molecules dissociate into ions.
Question: A tidal barrage is a barrier built over a___________________
a) River bed
b) River estuary
c) River end
d) River starting
Question: The most nuclear fuel used in the world is________________
a) Thorium – 232
b) Uranium – 238
c) Uranium – 235
d) Plutonium – 239
Question: Choose the incorrect statement:
a) We are encouraged to plant more trees so as to ensure clean environment and also provide biomass fuel.
b) Gobar-gas is produced when crops, vegetable wastes etc., decompose in the absence of oxygen.
c) The main ingredient of bio-gas is ethane and it gives a lot of smoke and also produces a lot of residual ash
d) Bio-mass is a renewable source of energy
Question: Energy is released from fossil fuels when they are___________________
Question: Fuel used in thermal power plants is
d) fossil fuels
Question: In hydroelectricity power_________________
a) Kinetic energy is transferred to potential
b) Potential energy is transferred to kinetic
c) Solar energy is transferred to wind energy
d) Wind energy is transferred to solar energy
Question: In the production of wave energy which form of energy is used?
a) Potential energy
b) Kinetic energy
c) Solar energy
d) Wind energy
Question: Energy in the form of heat and light is obtained by________________
b) Fossil fuels
Question: How many forms of fossil fuels are there?
Question: Trapped heat inside the earth is known as_______________
a) Heat energy
b) Kinetic energy
c) Geothermal energy
d) Thermal energy