Physical Activity Environment Revision Notes

Notes Class 11

Please refer to the Physical Activity Environment Revision Notes given below. These revision notes have been designed as per the latest NCERT, CBSE and KVS books issued for the current academic year. Students will be able to understand the entire chapter in your class 11th Physical Education book. We have provided chapter wise Notes for Class 11 Physical Education as per the latest examination pattern.

Revision Notes Chapter 6 Physical Activity Environment

Students of Class 11 Physical Education will be able to revise the entire chapter and also learn all important concepts based on the topic wise notes given below. Our best teachers for Grade 11 have prepared these to help you get better marks in upcoming examinations. These revision notes cover all important topics given in this chapter.

Introduction to Physical Activity and Leadership Training
Physical Activity: Physical activity simply means movement of the body that uses energy. 
The four main types of physical activities are:
1. Aerobic
2. Muscle – strengthening
3. Bone – strengthening
4. Stretching   

Physical Activity Environment Revision Notes

Leadership: Leadership can be described as the ability of an individual to influence, motivate, and enable others to contribute toward the effectiveness and success of an organiszation or a group of which they are members.
Leadership is the quality of a person to lead others in a family, society, tribe, group, or country.
Leader: A person who can bring about change, therefore, is one who has the ability to be a leader.


A person or thing that holds a dominant or superior position within its field, and is able to exercise a high degree of control or influence over others. 

Physical Activity Environment Revision Notes

Qualities of a Leader
1. Awareness : As the leader of a team awareness is a key. A leader should be aware of different scenarios.
2. Passionate: The leader should be passionless enough to motivate other players.
3. Energetic
4. Friendliness and affection
5. Decisiveness
6. Technically skilled
7. Intelligent
8. Teaching skill
9. Creative
10. Interest in Research

L : Loyalty
E : Empathy
A : Accountability
D : Duty & Determination
E : Energy & Encouragement
R : Respect
S : Selflessness
H : Honorable and humble
I : Integrity & Innovation
P : Passion for and pride in work
Be a Leader!

Role of a leader in Sports

  • Organiser: A good leader in sports is a good organiser in organizing different  sports events.
  • Motivator: A leader in sports understands his students and their mental needs. So, he plays the role of a good motivator.
  • Guardian: A good leader plays the role of guardian. A good leader understands the personal problem of an athlete and provides solution for the problems.
  • Teacher: A good leader in sports performs the role of a teacher by helping participants in developing teaching techniques, educate them and improve their range of styles.
  • Psychologist: A good leader plays the role of a psychologist. He knows the mental skills and toughness of their players.
  • Role model: As leader, you should be able to set a role model.

Creating leaders through physical education
Creating leaders through physical education we can make leaders through physical education by adopting the following approach:
1. Give various responsibilities of an event
2. Provide leadership training
3. Provide regular opportunity to improve
4. Recognize their achievement by facilitating them at different forms.
5. Have faith and confidence in your students if they they are defaulter.

Adventure Sports
Meaning : Adventure sports are such type of sports, which involve extraordinary speed, height, physical exertion, and surprising stunts.

Objectives of Adventure Sports
Aim: the main aim of adventure sports is to provide a carefully planned stimulating environment which will help each individual and excellent foundation for creative learning and independence.


  • Thrill, excitement and fun.
  • Exposure to nature.
  • Self assessment.
  • Over come fear and develop self confidence
  • Enhancement of decision making power.
  • Canalizing energy.
  • Stress buster.
  • Information and knowledge enhancement.
  • Development of positive attitude toward life.
  • Build concentration.
  • Encouragement of social relationship and teamwork.
  • Develop motor and cognitive skills, creative learning.
  • Inculcate values amongst children.

Types of Adventure Sports 

Physical Activity Environment Revision Notes

Types of Activities :

1. Camping: Camping means going away temporarily to a place having temporary accommodation. It is like going away from home to a new home (camp) with limited facilities. There are various types of camping such as scout camp, N.C.C. Camp, N.S.S. Camp, Sports camp, adventure camp and social camp etc.

2. Rock Climbing: Rock climbing is a sport in which participants climbs up, down or across a natural rock or artificial rockrose. In rock climbing, the objective or goal of a climber is to reach the end point or summit of a prejudiced route without falling. There are different types of climbing such as Aid climbing, foreclosing, trade or traditional climbing “Sport climbing top rope climbing free soloing and bewildering.

3. Trekking: Trekking means going on a long and difficult journey, especially on foot. Its course often includes journey over mountainous regions and woods. Types of trekking
1. Easy trekking : The individuals specially the beginners are offered easy treks.
2. Moderates trekking : Moderates trekking are slightly difficult and challenging than easy treks.
3. Strenuous trekking : Strenuous trekking a lot of physical effort energy and determination is required.
4. Difficult trekking : Such type of trekking is suitable only for real adventureseekers.

4. River Rafting: River rafting is another adventure sport. It is a river journey under taken on a raft or boat made of inflatable material. The difficulty of river rafting is from grade I to VI 

5. Mountaineering : Mountaineering is another type of adventurous sports prevailing all over the world. It is one of the finest outdoor opportunities available to the lovers of high places. Mountaineering is an adventurous sport that combines climbing and hiking up mountains or mountain terrains.   

6. Surfing: Surfing is a surface water sport in which the wave rider, referred to as a surfer, rides on the forward or deep face of a moving wave, which is usually carrying the surfer  towards the shore. Waves suitable for surfing are primarily found in the ocean, but can also be found in lakes or in rivers in the form of a standing wave or tidal bore. However, surfers can also utilize artificial waves such as those from boat waves and the waves created in artificial wave pools.

Physical Activity Environment Revision Notes

7. Paragliding: A sport resembling hang gliding, in which a person jumps from an aircraft or high place  wearing a wide, rectangular, storable parachute.
Paragliding is the recreational and competitive adventure sport of flying partakers; lightweight, free-flying, foot-launched glider aircraft with no rigid primary structure. The pilot sits in a harness suspended below a fabric wing comprising a large number of inter connected baffled cells.

Physical Activity Environment Revision Notes

Safety Measures During Adventure Sports:

1. Camping
Safety Measures: Camping sight, must be plain and clean, never approach wild, animals always be alert and aware of your surroundings, look out for snakes, spiders and other
creatures, protect your eye, maintain discipline, careful around water,, pay attention to weather condition etc.
2. Rock Climbing 
Safety Measures:
1. Choose appropriate venue.
2. Find an experienced mentor.
3. Always check harness and all equipment.
4. Check your knot.
5. Do not cross your legs etc.
3. Trekking
Safety Measures : An experience group leader required to ensure your trekking route, use anklet boots, always trek in group, keep sufficient food, know about flora and fauna of your route etc.
4. Mountaineering
Safety Measure: Mountaineering must be followed by an experienced guide, all safety measures of camping, climbing, and trekking must be followed, be cautious of avalanche etc.
5. River Rafting
Safety Measure: Don’t go for river rafting alone. Swimming ability is required. Wear life vast and helmet. Check equipment for defects. Raft only in day time.
6. Surfing
Safety Measures: Read and obey the signs. Don’t swim directly after meal. Don’t swim under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Always swim under supervision or with a friend. Always swim or surf at places patrolled by surf lifesavers or life guard.
7. Paragliding
Safety Measures: Paragliding safety includes four items:
1. Preparation:(a) Gather information about the weather fore cast, the actual wind conditions, the site etc.
(b) Maintain your equipment with regular inspection and monitoring.
2. A good launch requires keeping the legs down until well clear of the hill.
3. Reaching the landing zone with sufficient altitude for an approach. During the flight, the number one goal should be to make sure and reach the Landing Zone (LZ) with enough altitude to assess wind conditions and plan a safe approach.
4. A good Landing : Landing in the LZ into or mostly wind is the priority.

Safety Measures during Physical Activities
Almost anybody can safely take up walking and light to moderate exercise is usually fine for healthy adults with no troublesome symptoms. It is wise to talk to a doctor if you have any questions about your health or plan to start more vigorous workouts, especially if you haven’t been active recently.

Tips for Avoiding Injuries during Physical Activities
1. Take 5 to 10 minutes to warm up and cool down properly.
2. Plan to start slowly and boost your activity level gradually.
3. Listen to your body. Hold off on exercise when you are sick or feeling very fatigued.
4. Drink plenty of water during physical activity.
5. Choose clothes and shoes designed for your type of exercise. Replace shoes every six months as cushioning wears out.
6. Exercising vigorously in hot, humid conditions can lead to serious over heating and dehydration. Slow your pace when you feel exhausted.
7. Dress properly for cold – weather workouts to avoid hypothermia.

Safety Measures to Prevent Sports Injuries
You can reduce the risk of sports injuries if you adopt these safety measures:
1. Warm up thoroughly by gently going through the motions of your sport and performing slow, sustained stretches.
2. Wear appropriate footwear.
3. Tape or strap vulnerable joints, if necessary.
4. Use the appropriate safety equipment, such as mouth guards, helmets and pads.
5. Drink plenty of fluids before, during and after the game.
6. Try to avoid exercising in the hottest part of the day, between 11 am and  pm.
7. Maintain a good level of overall fitness, particularly in the off season (in the months between playing seasons for a sport.)
8. Cross-train with other sports to ensures overall fitness and muscle strength.
9. Ensures training includes appropriate speed and impact work so muscles are capable of the demands of a game situation.
10. Don’t exert yourself beyond your level of fitness, Gradually increase intensity and duration of training.
11. Use good form and technique.
12. Cool down after sport with gunnel, sustained stretches.
13. Allow adequate recovery time between session.
14. Have regular medical check ups.

Objective Type Questions:

Question. Sports injuries can be prevented by:
(a) Keeping the body hydrated
(b) Proper diet
(c) Using of common sense
(d) All of the above
Ans. (d) All of the above.

Question. Which of the following sport is not related to air?
(a) Paragliding
(b) Free-flying
(c) Bungee Jumping
(d) Rock Climbing
Ans. (d) Rock climbing

Question. Which of the following is not an adventurous sport.
(a) Surfing
(b) Para-gliding
(c) Bungee jumping
(d) Rock climbing
Ans. (c) Bungee Jumping

Question. Which of the following is not a physical activity?
(a) Dancing
(b) Gardening
(c) Domestic work
(d) Reading a book
Ans. (d) Reading a book

Question. Which of the following is a water sport?
(a) River Rafting
(b) Skate boarding
(c) Trekking
(d) Sky-diving
Ans. (a) River Rafting

Question. Which of the following is not a qualityof a good leader?
(a) Cooperative
(b) Organisational ability
(c) Attractive personality
(d) Ri chness
Ans. (d) Richness

Question. Another name of adventerous sports is:
(a) Risk-taking game
(b) Adventure related game
(c) Thrilling game
(d) All of the above
Ans. (d) All of the above

Question. Riding on the foward or face of a moving wave is called:
(a) Surfing
(b) Paragliding
(c) Rock climbing
(d) Scuba-diving
Ans. (a) Surfing 

Question. Types of Trekking are
(a) One
(b) Three
(c) Five
(d) Four
Ans. (d) Four

Short Answer Type Questions:

Question. Is physical activity increase the quality of life. If yes, then how?
Ans. Physical activities can play a major sole in increasing the quality of life in following ways:
1. Increase in the health of the heart:The efficiency of heart increases and various changes takes place in heart.
(a) Lower blood pressure
(b) Less chance of heart attack
2. Increase Mental Health
                  Physical Activities
Increased circulation of oxygen to working muscles
       Increases energy level of body
              A person feels happy
            Improves mental health
3. Helps in controlling weight
                 Physical Activities
           Burning of extra calories
          Maintain weight control
Protection of diseases like diabetes, Heart problems etc.

Question. Explain the three qualities of a leader in sports.
Ans. (i) Motivators: Team players respect a sports leader who is a hard worker and maintains enthusiasm for team goals, as well as for individual player success. One of the most important qualities you need as a coach is passion:for the sport itself and toward individuals on the team.
A successful sports leader keeps team members motivated and optimistic eventually realizes positive outcomes, such as team cohesion, performance and satisfaction.
(ii) Effective communicator in sports: A team filled with the best players in the league who communicates poorly will, flounder in mediocrity, while a team filled with run of-the mill players who communicates flowlessly will be contenders every year. Effective communication in sports in an absolute essential trait that quality teams must have to be successful, from the coaches, to team leaders, all the way down to the role players.
(iii) Visionaries: Sports leaders inspire other because they maintain a positive attitude, high morale and persistent drive toward goals, Johnson says. Effective leaders, including coaches and team leaders, are highly focused on a vision for their team and drive other toward outcome and results for trekking that vision.

Question. What is trekking and explain the types of trekking.
Ans. Trekking: Trekking means going on a long and difficult journey, especially on foot. Its course often includes journey over mountainous regions and woods.
1. Easy trekking: The indiviudals specially the beginners are offered easy treaks.
2. Moderates trekking: Moderates trekking are slighty difficult and challenging than easy treks.
3. Strenous trekking: Strenous trekking a lot of physical effort, energy and determination is required.
4. Difficult trekking: Such type of trekking is suitable only for real adventure seekers.

Question. Explain the safety measures during surfing.
Ans. 1. Always swim or surf at places patrolled by surf lifesavers or lifeguards.
2. Swim between the red and yellow flags. They mark the safest area to swim.
3. Always swim under supervision or with a friend.
4. Read and obey the signs.
5. swim directly after a meal.
6. Don’t swim under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
7. If you are unsure of surf conditions, ask a lifesaver or lifeguard.
8. Never run and dive in the water. Even if you have checked before, conditions can change.
9. If you get into trouble in the water, don’t panic. Raise your arm for help, float and wait for assistance.
10. Float with a current or undertow. Stay calm. Don’t try to swim against it.
11. Signal for help and wait for assistance.

Question. Explain the safety measures during paragliding.
Ans. With a good attitude, safety during paragliding can be simplified into four elements for each flight to be safe.
These four items are :
1. Preparation
2. A Good Launch
3. Reaching the Landing Zone with Sufficient Altitude for an Approach
4. A Good Landing
Preparation: Gather information about the weather forecast, the actual wind conditions, the site and anything that will help you decide if flying on such a day and time will be safe.
Maintain your equipment with regular inspections and monitoring.
Prior to each flight do a thorough preflight of your equipment. If there are any issues, do not fly!
Do a harness connection check prior to each flight.
Check your own mindset and fly only when you feel sure you are in the correct state of mind.
Practice regularly your ground handling and launch techniques to keep them current for each technique.
Make all of the above a routine that you do out of habit. Habits make all of the above much more predictable and harder to forget.
A Good Launch: Each successful flight begins with a good launch that includes keeping the legs down until well clear of the hill.
During each launch, have the ability and be prepared to abort quickly if any factor does not feel right or goes wrong. Knowing when to abort and having this ability will make you a better pilot.
Reach the Landing Zone with Adequate Altitude During the flight, the number one goal should be to make sure and reach the LZ with some enough altitude to assess wind conditions and plan a safe approach.
Any other goals during the flight fall below this priority!
Failure to reach the LZ will mean landing out. Landing out is much more hazardous and greatly increases the chances for an accident.
A Good Landing: Each successful flight ends with a nice landing.
Landing in the LZ into or mostly into the wind is the priority.
Practice landing approaches and master being able to land as close as possible to your intended target.
Practice flair timing and touch on each and every flight.

Question. What are the safety measures during mountaineering?
Ans. Safety Measures: Mountaineering activities must be done under the experts and experienced leader, should have a thorough knowledge of track route of mountaineering, one should know flora and fauna of the route, always be alert and aware of your surroundings, keep sufficient food for the group, all the  equipments should be checked before use, beware of avalanche. 

Long Answer Type Questions:

Question. What are do’s and don’ts for Adventure Activities?
Ans. Do’s :

  • Adventure activities must be organized under the expert guidance.
  • Proper knowledge of sight and route.
  • Ensure safety of participants.
  • Keep first aid arrangement.
  • Arrangement of good quality of equipment.
  • Be prepared to face weather change while you are camping.
  • Bio-degradable and non-biodegradables waste products should be thrown in proper bins.
  • Cleanliness should be maintained on camp site.
  • Fire should be properly extinguished during camping in forests or hilly areas.


  • Throw eatables and empty bottles on camp site.
  • Clothes and utensils should not be washed in running rivers and canal waters.
  • Used plastic cans and aluminum and toffee wrappers should not be thrown on hills and mountains.
  • People should not defecate and urinate near river banks.
  • Raincoats or clothes that have been only been used once should not be left in hills.
  • Cutting of tress is prohibited in forest and hilly areas during camping.
  • Drinking water river canal water should not be polluted under any circumstances.
  • There should be no noise pollution during trekking that can disturb the lifestyle of wild animals.
  • Deforestation is prohibited in forest and hilly areas during camping.

Q.2 How adventure sports helps to inculcate the quality of leadership?


How does leadership quality develop through participation in physical education?
Ans. Leadership is nothing but the quality of a person to lead a group. Through participation in adventure sports a numerous quality of leadership develops. They are as:
L : Loyalty, Leadership
E : Endurance, Engaging personality
A : Alertness, Adjustment, Absence of organic or functional defects, Ability to coordinatate activities .
D : Discipline, dutifulness, dependability, desire to help others.
E : Energetic, earnestness.
R : Reliability, right thinking, right judgement.
S : Sincerity, sympathy, self control, sociability, scholarship, sacrifice, super motor capacity.
H : Health, Honesty
I : Intelligence, industriousness, impartiality, interest in teaching.
P : Patience, perseverance, personality, physical skills, public relations.
When a student or individual takes part in adventure sports he or she develops the above qualities. By assigning the duties in physical education it develops confidence, to lead their team. By doing adventure activities, it develops the discipline, confidence and the ability to take decisions. By taking part in those activity the student become energetic, reliable, social and honest. Different adventure sport activities develop the quality of patience, public relation and it grooms the personality of an individual. Hence at last we can say that through participation in adventure sports, we can develop the leadership qualities in the individual.

Question. What are the objective of adventure sports?


How adventure sports helps in achieving the objectives of physical education?
Ans. The objectives of physical education are the development of an individual mentally, socially and emotionally fit. Through participation in adventurous sports, following objectives can be achieved.

  • To develop self confidence : By overcoming the fear and experiencing the thrill one can develop self confidence. To build the concentration : In these sports a person has to be very alert and attentive all the time. It develops the concentraition.
  • To develop mental and physical fitness : These sports help in developing the mental and physical fitness. Such sports fitness skills like jumping, climbing and swimming etc. To improve social relations : During participation in adventure sports qualities like sympathy, co-operation, helpfulness, adjustment, group cohesion, unity, sincerity, patience, fraternity are developed.
  • To have bonding with Nature: Most of the adventure sports are outdoor activity which give enough opportunities to experience nature which develops the bonding with nature. To face the challneges against the Nature : These sports enhance once capacity to deal odd situations with courage and determination.
  • Proper use of abundant energy : Adventure sports provide the participant a positive and a healthy channelization of their abound and energy.
  • To provide amusement and excitement : It is the vital objective of adventure sport to provide amusement and excitement.
  • To encourage creativity: These sports allow and encourage creativity of an individual.
  • Inculcate adventure : Motivate to learn sportsmanship.