Rebels and The Raj Exam Questions Class 12 History

Exam Questions Class 12

Please see Chapter 11 Rebels and The Raj Exam Questions Class 12 History below. These important questions with solutions have been prepared based on the latest examination guidelines and syllabus issued by CBSE, NCERT, and KVS. We have provided Class 12 History  Questions and answers for all chapters in your NCERT Book for Class 12 History. These solved problems for Rebels and The Raj in Class 12 History will help you to score more marks in upcoming examinations.

Exam Questions Chapter 11 Rebels and The Raj Class 12 History

Very Short Answer Questions :

Question. When and who annexed Awadh into British Empire?
Ans. Awadh was annexed into British Empire by Lord Dalhousie in 1856.

Question. What were the main reasons behind the failure of the mutiny of 1857?
Ans. (i) Lack of good and effective leadership.
(ii) Superior strategy and military power of British.

Question. What was the immediate cause for the mutiny of 1857?
Ans. In 1857, there was rumour that the soldiers were given new cartridges coated with the fat of cows and pigs.

Question. Why was the revolt in Awadh so extensive?
Ans. (1) The British dethroned Nawab Wazid Ali Shah.
(2) Zamindars, Talukadars and peasants did not like British.

Short Answer Questions :

Question. What were strengths and weaknesses of the revolt of 1857?
Ans. Strengths-
(1) Complete cooperation between Hindus and Muslims,
(2) Common people were also revolting,
(3) All rebels wanted freedom.
(1) The revolt failed to spread to all areas,
(2) All communities did not support,
(3) Many rulers were supporter of British,
(4) The rebel leaders were suspicious and jealous of each other,
(5) The rebel soldiers were not well equipped.

Question. What were the measures taken to ensure unity among the rebels?
Ans. (1) Both Hindus and Muslims requested Bahadur Shah for leadership.
(2) The proclamation issued during the revolt, appealed to all sections equally.
(3) The sentiments of both communities were respected and cared.
(4) The posters glorified the pre-British unity.
(5) Hindus and Muslims were equally member of the military commanding committee.

Question. Why is the Mutiny of 1857 called a struggle for independence?
Ans. (i) People from all sections came together to fight against the British rule.
(ii) Every thing and everybody connected with the white men was targeted by the people.
(iii) The rebel proclamations in 1857 repeatedly appealed to all sections of the population irrespective of their caste and religion.

Long Answer Questions :

Question. What were the reasons behind the failure of the mutiny of 1857?
Ans. (i) Lack of good and effective leadership.
(ii) The mutiny was not centralized.
(iii) Lack of resourses.
(iv) The revolt was poorly organized.
(v) The rebels had no common ideals.
(vi) Lack of co-ordination.
(vii) Some sections of people did not support the mutiny.

Question. Critically examine the annexation policy of Awadh by Lord Dalhousie.
Ans. Annexation of Awadh was accomplished in stages:
(i) The Subsidiary Alliance had been imposed on Awadh in 1801.
(ii) British became increasingly more interested in acquiring the territory of Awadh.
(iii) It was felt that the soil of Awadh was good for producing indigo and cotton, thus had commercial value.
(iv) The takeover of Awadh in 1856 was expected to complete a territorial expansion started with Battle of Plassey.
(v) Finally on the accusation of misrule by the Nawab , Awadh was formally annexed to British Empire in 1856.

Rebels and The Raj Exam Questions Class 12 History