Students should refer to Worksheets Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Chapter 4 provided below with important questions and answers. These important questions with solutions for Chapter 4 Agriculture have been prepared by expert teachers for Class 10 Social Science based on the expected pattern of questions in the class 10 exams. We have provided Worksheets for Class 10 Social Science for all chapters on our website. You should carefully learn all the important examinations questions provided below as they will help you to get better marks in your class tests and exams.
Agriculture Worksheets Class 10 Social Science
ONE MARK QUESTIONS
Question. Which country is the first largest producer of rice?
Ans : China,
Question. India is the largest producer as well as consumer of which agricultural product in the world?
Ans : Pulses.
Question. Describe ‘Jhumming cultivation’ in one sentence.
Ans : ‘Slash and burn’ cultivation in North- Eastern states of India.
Question. Which is the leading coffee producer state in India?
Ans : Karnataka.
Question. Hoe, dao, digging sticks are associated with which type of farming?
Ans : Primitive subsistence farming.
Question. Which crop is grown with the onset monsoons and are harvested in the month of September and October?
Ans : Kharif.
Question. Name the crops for which India is the largest producer in the world.
Ans : Fruits and vegetables, oilseeds and pulses
Question. By which name is specialized cultivation of fruits and vegetables known?
Ans : Horticulture.
Question. Which crop is the major crop of rabi?
Ans : Wheat
Question. Name some rabi crops.
Ans : Wheat, barley, peas, gram and mustard.
Question. Name the two important wheat growing zones in India.
Ans : The Ganga-Satluj plains in the north-west and black soil region of the Deccan.
Question. Which of the following is known as golden fibre?
Ans. (b) Jute
Question. The three major cropping seasons of India are:
(a) Aus, Aman and Boro
(b) Rabi, Kharif and Zaid
(c) Baisakh, Paus and Chait
(d) None of the above
Ans. (b) Rabi, Kharif and Zaid
Question. Which is the leading sugarcane producer state of India?
Ans. Uttar Pradesh
Question. Define shifting cultivation?
Ans. A person uses a piece of land, only to abandon or alter the initial use a short time later.
Question. PDS system launched by government of India ensure subsidised prices for food grains to poor in rural areas. True or False
Question. A system of agriculture where a single crop is grown on a large area is called shifting agriculture. True or False
Question. …………….. crops are sown in winter and harvested in summer
Question. India is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world after …………………
Question. In the question given below, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R).Mark your answer as per the codes provided below :
(A) Biochemical inputs and irrigation are used for obtaining higher production.
(R) Doses of biochemical inputs are used to grow crops rapidly.
(1) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(2) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
(3) A is true but R is False.
(4) A is false but R is true.
Ans. (1) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
THREE MARKS QUESTIONS
Question. What are the growing conditions required for the main staple food crop of India? Mention the main growing regions.
Ans : Growing conditions required for rice:
a. High temperature (above 25°C). It is a Kharif crop.
b. High humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm.
Main growing regions: Northern plains, northeastern India, Coastal areas, deltaic plains and river valleys.
Question. “Dense and efficient network of transport is a pre- requisite for local and national development”. Analyse the statement.
Ans : a. The pace of development of country depends upon the production of goods and services as well as their movement over space. Therefore efficient means of transport are pre-requisite for national development.
b. Today, the world has been converted into a large village with the help of efficient an d fast moving transport system.
c. The trades from local to international levels have added to the vitality of our economy with the help of dense and efficient network of transport in the country. It has enriched our life and added substantially to growing amenities and facilities for the comforts of life.
Question. Explain any two geographical conditions required for the cultivation of pulses. Name any two important pulses producing states.
Why the pulses are mostly grown in rotation with other crops? Name any two major pulse producing states?
Ans : Pulses are mostly grown in rotation with other crops because:
a. Pulses need less moisture and survive even in dry conditions.
b. Being leguminous crops, all these crops Major pulse producing states are : Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.
Question. Write any five ways of agricultural reforms in India?
Ans. (a) Direct help to farmers, subsidy in account
(b) Easy and cheap loan to farmers
(c) Easy accessibility of water and electricity
(d) Crop insurance to protect from flood, drought, cyclone and fire
(e) Minimum support price (MSP), Gramin Bank, Kissan Credit Card
(f) Special weather bulletins
(g) Laws of land reforms implemented
Question. Which is the second most important cereal crop? What are the Geographical conditions required for its growth. Name the major areas of its production.
Ans. (a) Wheat is the second most important cereal crop .
(b) Soil Type: Alluvial soil and black soil
(c) Temperature: Cool growing season and bright sunshine at the time of ripening.
(d) Rainfall: 50 to 75 cm of annual rainfall
(e) Areas of Cultivation: the Ganga-Sutlej plain in the north-west and black soil region of Deccan. Wheat producing states are Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan
Question. What is plantation agriculture?
Ans. (a) It is a single crop farming of rubber, tea, coffee, cocoa, spices, coconut and fruits
(b) It is capital intensive and demands good managerial ability, technical know-how, sophisticated machinery, fertilizers, irrigation and transport facilities.
(c) developed in hilly areas of north- eastern India, sub-Himalayan, West Bengal and in Nilgiri, Anamalai in peninsular India
Question. What are the Geographical conditions required for sugarcane growth. Name the major areas of its production.
Ans. (a) India is the second largest producer of sugarcane in the world after Brazil.
(b) Climate: It grows well in hot and humid climate.
(c) Soil Type: it can be grown well on a variety of soils.
(d) Temperature: Temperature requirement is 21°C to 27°C .
(e) Rainfall: Annual rainfall between 75cm and 100 cm.
(f) The major sugarcane producing states are uttar pradesh, maharashtra, karnataka, tamil nadu.
Question. Explain the favourable temperature, rainfall and soil conditions required for the growth of tea. Name the leading tea producing states.
Ans. (a) Climate: grow well in tropical and subtropical ( hot and humid) climate.
(b) Soil Type: deep fertile well drained soil which is rich in humus and organic matter.
(c) Rainfall: 150 to 300 cm annual. High humidity and frequent showers evenly distributed throughout the year
(d) Assam and West Bengal
Question. Why the growth rate in agriculture has been decreasing day by day. Give reasons.
Ans. (a) Indian farmers are facing a challenge from international competition.
(b) The cost of production inputs is increasing day by day.
(c) Reduction in public investment in agricultural sector especially irrigation power, rural, roads, market, etc.
(d) The pressure of WTO on the Indian government to remove the subsidies given to the farmers.
(e) Reduction in import duties on agricultural products.
FIVE MARKS QUESTIONS
Question. Which are the two major cotton producing states of North India ? Describe four geographical conditions required for the growth of cotton.
Describe the geographical conditions required for the cultivation of cotton.
Ans : Haryana and Uttar Pradesh are the two major cotton producing states of North India.
Geographical conditions required for the cultivation of cotton:
a. It grows well in drier parts of the black cotton soil of the Deccan plateau.
b. It requires high temperature.
c. It requires light rainfall or irrigation.
d. It requires 21 frost free days and bright sunshine for its growth.
Question. Explain Rubber cultivation in India under the following heads:
b. Geographical conditions
c. Producing states.
Ans : a. Importance: Many industries depend upon rubber as their raw material especially transport industry.
b. Geographical conditions:
(i) It is an equatorial crop, but under special conditions it is also grown in tropical and sub tropical areas.
(ii) It requires moist and humid climate with rainfall of more than 200 cm and temperature above 25°C.
c. Rubber producing states are Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Garo hills of Meghalaya.
Question. Which crop is known as the ‘golden fibre’ ? Explain any two geographical conditions essential for the cultivation of this crop. Mention its any four uses.
Ans : a. Jute is called the golden fibre. b. Geographical conditions:
c. Grows well in drained fertile soil of the flood plains where the soil is renewed every year.
d. High temperature is required during the time of growth.
Uses: Can be used to manufacture gunny bags, mats, ropes, yam, carpets and other artefacts.
Question. Explain any three geographical conditions required for the growth of rice in India. How is it possible to grow rice in areas of less rainfall? Explain with examples.
Ans : Three geographical conditions for the growth of rice:
a. It requires high temperature, (above 25°C).
b. Annual rainfall above 100 cm.
c. High humidity
It is possible to grow rice in areas of less rainfall with the help of irrigation in Punjab and Haryana.
Question. Why has the agriculture sector in India got a major setback in spite of increase in the GDP growth rate?
Ans : a. More and more land is used for construction of factories, warehouses and shelters which reduced the land under cultivation.
b. Soil gets degraded by the use of pesticides, fertilizers, over irrigation, etc., which leads to water logging and salinity.
c. Today Indian farmers are facing a big challenge from international competition.
d. Our government is reducing the public investment in agriculture, subsidy on fertilizers have decreased.
e. Reduction in import duties on agricultural products have proved detrimental to agriculture in the country.
Question. Why is agriculture called the mainstay of Indian economy?
What is the importance of agriculture in Indian economy?
Ans : a. Agriculture is the mainstay of Indian economy because about 67% of our population depends directly or indirectly on agriculture.
b. It provides raw materials to the industries.
c. India earns foreign exchange by exporting agricultural products.
d. It contributes about 29% to the gross domestic product.
e. It provides food to over 1250 million population.
Question. Why has Indian agriculture started a decline in the trend of food production? How can we overcome this problem?
Ans : Indian agriculture started a decline in the trend of food production because:
a. More and more land is used for construction of factories, warehouses and shelters have reduced the land under cultivation.
b. Soil gets degraded by the use of pesticides, fertilizers, over-irrigation, etc. which leads to water logging and salinity.
a. Use of agricultural techniques which are environmentally sustainable.
b. Use of biotechnology in modifying different crops and increase the yield per hectare. It reduces dependence on insecticides and also require less water.
Question. What are the climatic conditions required for the growth of rice?
Ans : Climatic conditions required for the growth of rice:
a. It is a Kharif crop which requires high temperature (above 25°C).
b. High humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. c. In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation.
d. It is grown in the plains of north and north-easten India, coastal areas and the deltaic regions.
e. Development of dense network of canal irrigation and tubewells have made it possible to grow rice in areas of less rainfall such as Punjab and Haryana.
Question. Define plantation agriculture. Explain any four characteristics of plantation agriculture.
Ans : Plantation Agriculture: It is a type of commercial farming practised in tropical and sub-tropical regions. It was introduced by the British in India.
a. A single crop is grown over large area.
b. It is capital intensive and done with migrant labour.
c. All produce is used as raw material in industries such as tea, coffee, rubber, sugarcane, banana, etc.
d. Plantation has interface of agriculture and industry both.
Question. “The Government of India has introduced various institutional and technological reforms to improve agriculture in the 1980s and 1990s”. Support this statement with examples.
Compare intensive subsistence farming with that of commercial farming practiced in India.
Ans : a. In the 1980s and 1990s, a comprehensive land development programme was initiated, which
included both institutional and technical reforms.
b. Provision for crop insurance against drought, flood, cyclone, fire and disease establishment of Grameen banks for providing loan facilities to the farmers at lower rates of interest were some important steps in this direction.
c. Kissan Credit Card (KCC), personal accident introduced by the government of India for the benefit of the farmers.
d. Special weather bulletins and agricultural programmes for farmers were introduced on the radio and television.
e. The government also announces minimum support price, remunerative and procurement prices for important crops to check the exploitation of farmers by speculators and middlemen.
SOURCE BASED QUESTIONS
Question. Read the following passage and answer the questions at the end.
The Green Revolution based on the use of package technology and the White Revolution (Operation Flood) were some of the strategies initiated to improve the lot of Indian agriculture. But, this too led to the concentration of development in few selected areas. Therefore, in the 1980s and 1990s, a comprehensive land development programme was initiated, which included both institutional and technical reforms. Provision for crop insurance against drought, flood, cyclone, fire and disease, establishment of Grameen banks, cooperative societies and banks for providing loan facilities to the farmers at lower rates of interest were some important steps in this direction.
(a) Which movements played an important role in improving Indian agriculture?
Ans. The Green Revolution and the White Revolution played an important role in improving agriculture.
(b) What was the negative impact of Green Revolution?
Ans. The impact of Green Revolution was concentrated in few areas.
(c) What are the steps taken by government to imrove Indian agriculture?
Ans. Crop insurance against drought, flood, cyclone, fire and disease, establishment of Grameen banks, cooperative societies etc.