Students should refer to Worksheets Class 10 Social Science Outcomes of Democracy Chapter 7 provided below with important questions and answers. These important questions with solutions for Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy have been prepared by expert teachers for Class 10 Social Science based on the expected pattern of questions in the class 10 exams. We have provided Worksheets for Class 10 Social Science for all chapters on our website. You should carefully learn all the important examinations questions provided below as they will help you to get better marks in your class tests and exams.
Outcomes of Democracy Worksheets Class 10 Social Science
ONE MARK QUESTIONS
Question. Which form of government is considered the best?
Ans : Democratic form of government.
Question. Which form of government is better- democratic or non-democratic?
Ans : Democratic government is better.
Question. Why has political funding become a threat for democracy?
Ans : Most of the political parties are dependent on money given by big business houses. That’s why the poor and middle classes do not agree to participate in electoral process. Hence, a majority of people keep away from politics and have little voice in politics.
Question. In which area does democracy fail to achieve the same results as in dictatorship?
Ans : Economic development.
Question. What is meant by transparency?
Ans : To examine the process of decision-making in a democracy is known as transparency.
Question. Why is a democratic government better than other alternatives?
Ans. It is legitimate, accountable, responsive, promotes equality among citizens, enhances dignity of the individual
Question. What is meant by transparency?
Ans. Any citizen can examine the process of decision-making in a democracy.
Question. In what way democracy produces an accountable, responsive and legitimate government?
Ans. By providing citizens the right to examine the process through which decisions are made.
Question. Which one of the following is the most popular form of government in the contemporary world?
(c) Military rule
Ans. (d) Democracy
Question. No regime can fully and permanently resolve conflicts among different groups. True or False.
Question. Decisions taken by Non-democratic governments are likely to be more acceptable to the people and more effective? True or False.
Question. The government ruled by the monarch or king of the country is known as ……………
Question. Choose the correct match
(a) Accountable and responsive govt ………. Monarchy
(b) Free and fair election…………..Dictatorship
(c) Legitimate government…………….Democracy
Ans. (c) Legitimate government ………………. Democracy
Question. (A) Democratic reforms are to be brought about principally through political practice.
(R) Any proposal for political reforms should think only about what is a good solution but not care about who will implement it and how.
(1) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(2) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(3) A is true but R is False.
(4) A is false but R is true.
Ans. (3) Assertion is true but reason is false
THREE MARKS QUESTIONS
Question. Describe the favourable conditions generally provided to people under a democratic rule.
Ans : Favourable conditions generally provided to people under a democratic rule are:
a. It promotes dignity to everyone irrespective of caste, creed and religion.
b. It ensures freedom of the individual.
c. It provides equal status and opportunity.
d. It provides positive reservation for women and other advantages for discriminated groups.
Question. Explain any three weaknesses of democracy.
Ans : a. Democracies take more time in decision-making.
b. Democracies fall short of elections that provide a fair chance to everyone and subjecting every decision to public debate.
c. The routine tales of corruption are enough to convince that democracies are not free of evil.
Question. Examine the political outcome of democracy.
Ans : a. Right to the citizens to choose their leaders and keep check on them.
b. If required people can participate in decision- making either directly or indirectly or through representatives.
c. It produces accountable, responsible and legitimate government.
Question. “Democratic governments in practice are known as accountable.” Support the statement with arguments.
Ans : Democratic governments in practice are accountable because:
a. It is right to expect democracy to form a government that follows procedures and is accountable to the people.
b. It is also expected that the democratic government develops mechanisms for citizens to take part in decision-making whenever they think it as fit.
c. The democratic government is accountable to the people. If it ignores the will of the people, they will not elect their ruler in the next general election.
d. The procedures and decision-making process should be transparent for democratic government to be accountable to the people.
Question. State any three merits of democracy.
Ans : Merits of Democracy are:
a. Democracy assures equality in every spheres of life like political, social and economic.
b. It upholds basic individual liberties like freedom of speech, etc.
c. Due obedience to laws.
Question. When is democracy considered successful? Explain.
Ans : Democracy is considered to be successful because:
a. The rulers elected by the people must take all major decision and not the rich and powerful.
b. The election must offer a free choice and opportunity to the people.
c. The choice should be available to all the people based on political equality.
Question. What are the expected outcomes of democracy? Explain.
Ans : The expected outcomes of democracy are as follows:
a. A government that is chosen and accountable to the people is called democratic government.
b. A government that is responsive to the needs of the people.
c. Economic growth and development reducing all forms of inequality and end of poverty.
d. Accommodating all social diversities.
e. Ensuring the dignity and freedom of the individuals.
Question. Establish the relationship between democracy and development.
Explain the relationship between democracy and development.
Ans : Relationship between democracy and development are:
a. Democracies are expected to produce development.
b. Development depends upon many factors, i.e., size of population, global situation, cooperation from other countries, etc. In democracies, time is taken on discussion and reaching at a decision. So, it is slow, but it is not unjust or inappropriate.
Question. What are the two conditions to accommodate social diversities in a democracy? Mention any one exception to this.
Ans : a. It is necessary to understand that democracy is not simply rule by majority. The majority always needs to work with minority so that governments function to represent the general view.
b. It is also necessary that rule by majority does not become rule by majority community in terms of religion or race or linguistic group. The exception is Sri Lanka where majoritarianism is followed.
Question. “Democracy is seen to be good in principle but felt to be not so good in practice.” Justify the statement.
Ans : Democracy is seen to be good in principles but not in practice because of the following reasons:
a. The decision-making process in democracy is time taking, whereby justice delayed is justice denied.
b. The tyranny of the majority overrides the will of the minority.
c. Corruption and red-tapism dominates the functioning of democracies.
d. An illiterate and uninformed electorate fails to give itself a legitimate and accountable government.
e. The role of charismatic leaders and dynastic politics dominates political cultures.
Question. How does a democracy produce an accountable, responsive and legitimate government?
Ans : A democracy produces an accountable, responsive and legitimate government as:
a. People have a right to choose their rulers and have control over the rulers.
b. Whenever possible and necessary, they should participate in decision-making on issues that affect them all.
c. Democracy produces a government which is accountable to the citizens.
d. Democracy is based on the idea of liberation and negotiation.
e. Decision-making is based on norms and procedures and its transparency.
Question. “Transparency is the most important feature of democracy?” Analyse.
Ans : a. Transparency is the most important feature of democracy:
b. Democracy ensures that decision-making will be based on certain norms and procedures.
c. So, a citizen who wants to know if a decision was taken through correct procedures can find this out.
d. The citizen has the right and the means to examine the process of decision-making. This is known as transparency.
Question. Describe the role of citizens in a democracy.
Ans : The role of citizens in a democracy are as follows:
a. Citizens exercise their rights and freedoms and get benefited from democratic set-up.
b. They must be aware of their rights and duties.
c. They should be aware of the issues and problems the country is facing.
d. They must cooperate in maintaining law and order.
e. People must consider other’s needs and interest also.
Question. How is democratic government known as responsive government? Explain with an example.
Ans : A democratic government has to be responsive to the needs of its citizens.
a. Through pressure groups and public protests, the democratic government can check the popularity of its decisions and mechanism of administering justice.
b. A government which is able to respond to grievances faster is able to avoid confrontation and provide good governance.
Question. ‘Some people think that democracy produces a less-effective government.’ Analyse the statement.
Ans. 1. In democracy, decisions are delayed because of a long decisionmaking process.
2. Democratic governments do not have a very good record when it comes to sharing information with the citizens.
3. Democracies often frustrate the aspirations of the people and often ignore the demands of a majority of its population.
Question. ‘Democratic governments in practice are known as accountable.’ Support the statement.
Ans. 1. People have the right to choose their representatives and they have control over the rulers.
2. People have a chance to not elect them in the next election.
3. people have the right to examine the decision-making process.
Question. How do democratic governments ensure transparency? Explain any three points.
Ans. 1. Democratic govt, make sure that decision-making will be based on norms and procedures.
2. They allow every citizen to participate in decision-making, directly or indirectly
3. Citizens can examine and find out about the correctness of the procedure of decision-making
4. They are accountable to the’people. They have the right to change the government in the next general elections.
5. They provide people with power to demand answers from their representatives and reduce the chances of corruption.
Question. A public expression of dissatisfaction with democracy shows the success of democratic project.’ Justify the statement.
Ans. 1. When citizens show their dissatisfaction, it clearly shows that they are actively taking part in democratic projects.
2. It shows that people are not just forcefully following or agreeing with whatever they are told.
3. lt shows that they are enjoying their freedom and hence they are no more subjects but are responsible citizens.
4. Their freedom and transformation from the status of subjects to that of citizens is the main aim of democracy.
5. As people get benefits, they ask for more. This makes democracy better.
Question. ‘There is an overwhelming support for the idea of democracy all over the world.’ Support the statement.
Ans. 1. A democratic government is people’s own government.
2. It promotes equality among citizens.
3. It improves the quality of decision-making.
4. It provides room for correction of mistakes.
Question. A democratic government is a legitimate government.’ Support the statement with arguments.
Ans. 1. free and fair elections.
2. regular public debates.
3. right to information to citizens.
4. planned legislations.
5. In a democracy, decisions are taken in a very transparent manner
FIVE MARKS QUESTIONS
Question. Explain with examples, how the dignity and freedom of citizens are best guaranteed in a democracy.
Ans : a. Democracies throughout the world have recognized the fact that people should be treated with due respect. The passion for respect and freedom is the basis of democracy.
b. Democracies recognize all individuals as equal. This equality is a big thing for the societies which have been built for long on the basis of subordination and domination.
c. Most societies across the world are male- dominated but democracies have created sensitivity that equal treatment of women are necessary ingredients of a democratic society.
d. Caste-based inequalities and atrocities are also not acceptable to democracies. All these combined together enhance the dignity and freedom of the individual.
Question. “Democracy stands much superior to any other form of government in promoting dignity and freedom of the individual”. Justify this statement.
Ans : a. Democracy stand much superior to any other form of government in promoting dignity and freedom of the individual. The passion for respect and freedom are the basis of democracy. Democracies throughout the world have recognised this, at least in principle.
b. This has been achieved in various degrees in various democracies. For societies which have been built for long on the basis of subordination and domination, it is not a simple matter to recognize that all individuals are equal.
c. Most societies across the world were historically male dominated societies. Long struggles by women have created some sensitivity today that respect to and equal treatment of women are necessary ingredients of a democratic society.
d. In a non-democratic set up, this unacceptability would not have legal basis because the principle of individual freedom and dignity would not have the legal and moral force there.
e. Democracy in India has strengthened the claims of the disadvantaged and discriminated castes for equal status and equal opportunity.
Question. “A democratic government is efficient and effective.” Analyse the statement.
“The cost of time that democracy pays is perhaps worth it.” Justify.
Ans : a. Imagine a government that may take decisions very fast. But it may take decisions that are not accepted by the people and may, therefore, face problems.
b. In contrast, the democratic government will take more time to follow procedure before arriving at a decision.
c. However, because it has followed procedure, its decisions may be more acceptable to the people and more effective. So, the cost of time that democracy pays is perhaps worth It.
Question. How are complaints treated as testimony to the success of democracy? Explain.
Ans : To some extent, complaints are treated as testimony to the success of democracy. We can prove the statement by analysing certain facts like:
a. Slow and inefficient government: Some people complain that democracy is a less effective government and it is slow in functioning. There is no doubt that non-democratic government can be more effective because they are fast in their decision-making. But it is not certain that decisions are right or wrong.
b. Unsuccessful in reducing economic exploitation: There is no denying of the fact that democracies do not appear to have been successful in reducing economic inequality. But, it is only possible in a democracy that people can raise their voice against not only economic inequalities, but also against all types of inequalities. All these facts show that complaints are treated as testimony to the success of democracy.
Question. Explain the three factors that are crucial in deciding the outcome of politics of social divisions.
Ans : Three factors are crucial in deciding the outcome of politics of social divisions:
a. The outcome depends on how people perceive their identities. If people see their identities in singular and exclusive terms, it becomes very difficult to accommodate.
b. It is much easier if the people see that their identities are multiple and are complementary with the national identity.
c. It depends on how political leaders raise the demands of any community. It is easier to accommodate demands that are within the constitutional framework and are not at the cost of another community.
d. It depends on the how the government reacts to demands of the different groups. If the rulers are willing to share power and accommodate the reasonable demands of minority community, social divisions become less threatening for the country.
Question. “Democracy stands much superior in promoting dignity and freedom of the citizens”. Justify the statement.
Ans : “Democracy stands much superior in promoting dignity and freedom to the citizens”:
1. Every individual wants to receive respect from fellow beings.
2. The passion for respect and freedom is the basis of any democracy.
3. Democracies throughout the world have recognized this. It has been achieved in various degrees in various democracies.
4. Long struggles by women have got them respect and equal treatment.
5. In many democracies, women were deprived of their right to vote for a long time which they have achieved now.
6. In India l/3rd of seats have been reserved for women in local bodies.
7. Democracy has strengthened the claims of the disadvantaged and discriminated castes for equal status and equal opportunity.
Question. “Democracies lead to peaceful and harmonious life among citizens.” Support the statement with any three suitable arguments.
Ans : The statement is correct that democracy leads to peaceful and harmonious life. Arguments for the statement:
a. Democracies accommodate various social divisions.
b. Democracies usually develop a procedure to conduct competitions. This reduces the possibility of these tensions becoming explosive or violent.
c. No doubt, no society can fully and permanently resolve conflicts among different groups. We can certainly learn to respect these differences.