Please refer to Class 10 Science Sample Paper Term 1 Set D with solutions below. The following CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Science has been prepared as per the latest pattern and examination guidelines issued by CBSE. By practicing the Science Sample Paper for Class 10 students will be able to improve their understanding of the subject and get more marks.
CBSE Class 10 Science Sample Paper for Term 1
1. List any two observations when Ferrous Sulphate is heated in a dry test tube.
Ans. 1. Initial light green colour changes to reddish brown colour
2. Colourless gas is evolved
3. Gas with choking smell is evolved
Identify the products formed when 1 mL of dil. Hydrochloric acid is added to 1g of Sodium metal.
Ans. Sodium Chloride and Hydrogen gas
2. Write the chemical name and chemical formula of the salt used to remove permanent hardness of water.
Ans. Sodium Carbonate decahydrate [Na2C03.10H20]
3. Which of the following is not observed in a homologous series? Give reason for your choice.
(a) Change in chemical properties
(b) Difference in -CH2 and 14u molecular mass
(c) Gradation in physical properties
(d) Same functional group
Ans. (a). Change in chemical properties. It does not occur due to the presence of the same functional group.
4. Why does the Sun appear white at noon?
Ans. The light is least scattered at noon.
5. Both a spherical mirror and a thin spherical lens have a focal length of (-)15 cm. What type of mirror and lens are these?
Ans. Both are concave.
6. The image formed by a concave mirror is observed to be real, inverted and larger than the object. Where is the object placed?
Ans. Between the principal focus and the centre of curvature.
Name the part of a lens through which a ray of light passes without suffering any deviation.
Ans. 0ptical centre.
7. In the arrangement shown in figure there are two coils wound on a nonconducting cylindrical rod. Initially the key is not inserted in the circuit. Later the key is inserted and then removed shortly after.
What are the two observations that can be noted from the galvanometer reading?
Ans. There are momentary galvanometer deflections that die out shortly; the deflections are in opposite directions.
8. Draw the magnetic field lines around a straight current carrying conductor.
Ans. The field consists of concentric circles centred on the wire
9. Two unequal resistances are connected in parallel. If you are not provided with any other parameters (e.g. numerical values of I and R), what can be said about the voltage drop across the two resistors?
Ans. Voltage-drop is same across both.
Some work is done to move a charge Q from infinity to a point A in space. The potential of the point A is given as V. What is the work done to move this charge from infinity in terms of Q and V?
Ans. W = QV
10. Veins are thin walled and have valves. Justify.
Ans. Veins have thin walls because the blood there is no longer under pressure and they have valves to ensure blood flow in one direction.
11. How is the wall of small intestine adapted for performing the function of absorption of food?
Ans. The inner lining of the small intestine has numerous finger-like projections called villi which increase the surface area for absorption.
Out of a goat and a tiger, which one will have a longer small intestine? Justify your answer.
Ans. Goat because herbivores eating grass need a longer small intestine to allow the cellulose to be digested.
12. Explain how ozone being a deadly poison can still perform an essential function for our environment.
Ans. 0zone layer protects us from harmful effects of UV radiation.
Give reason why a food chain cannot have more than four trophic levels.
Ans. The loss of energy at each step is so great that very little usable energy remains after four trophic levels.
13. State the role of pancreas in digestion of food.
Ans. The pancreas secretes digestive juice which contains enzymes like trypsin for digesting proteins and lipase for breakdown of emulsified fats.
For question numbers 14, 15 and 16, two statements are given- one labeled Assertion (A) and the other labeled Reason (R). Select the correct answer to these questions from the codes (a), (b), (c) and (d) as given below: (1)
(a) Both A and R are true, and R is correct explanation of the assertion.
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of the assertion.
(c) A is true, but R is false.
(d) A is false, but R is true.
14. Assertion: After white washing the walls, a shiny white finish on walls is obtained after two to three days.
Reason: Calcium Oxide reacts with Carbon dioxide to form Calcium Hydrogen Carbonate which gives shiny white finish.
Ans. (c) Assertion is True and Reason is False
15. Assertion: Food chain is responsible for the entry of harmful chemicals in our bodies.
Reason: The length and complexity of food chains vary greatly.
Ans. (b) Both Assertion and Reasoning are correct. Reason is not correct explanation of Assertion.
Assertion: Greater number of individuals are present in lower trophic levels.
Reason: The flow of energy is unidirectional.
Ans. (b) Both Assertion and Reasoning are correct. Reason is not correct explanation of Assertion.
16. Assertion: A geneticist crossed a pea plant having violet flowers with a pea plant with white flowers, he got all violet flowers in first generation.
Reason: White colour gene is not passed on to next generation.
Ans. (a) Both Assertion and Reasoning are correct. Reason is the correct explanation of Assertion.
Answer Q. No 17 – 20 contain five sub-parts each. You are expected to answer any four subparts in these questions.
17. Read the following and answer any four questions from 17 (i) to 17 (v).
All living cells require energy for various activities. This energy is available by the breakdown of simple carbohydrates either using oxygen or without using oxygen.
(i) Energy in the case of higher plants and animals is obtained by
(b) Tissue respiration
(c) 0rgan respiration
(d) Digestion of food
Ans. Tissue respiration
(ii) The graph below represents the blood lactic acid concentration of an athlete during a race of 400 m and shows a peak at point D
Lactic acid production has occurred in the athlete while running in the 400 m race. Which of the following processes explains this event?
(a) Aerobic respiration
(b) Anaerobic respiration
Ans. Anaerobic respiration
(iii) Study the graph below that represents the amount of energy supplied with respect to the time while an athlete is running at full speed.
Choose the correct combination of plots and justification provided in the following table.
Plot A Plot B Justification
(a) Aerobic Anaerobic Amount of energy is low and inconsistent in aerobic and high in anaerobic
(b) Aerobic Anaerobic Amount of energy is high and consistent in aerobic and low in anaerobic
(c) Anaerobic Aerobic Amount of energy is high and consistent in aerobic and low in anaerobic
(d) Anaerobic Aerobic Amount of energy is high and inconsistent in anaerobic and low in aerobic
Ans. Aerobic , Anaerobic , Amount of energy is high and consistent in aerobic and low in anaerobic
(iv) The characteristic processes observed in anaerobic respiration are
(i) presence of oxygen
(ii) release of carbon dioxide
(iii) release of energy
(iv) release of lactic acid
(a) (i), (ii) only
(b) (i), (ii), (iii) only
(c) (ii), (iii), (iv) only
(d) (iv) only
Ans. (ii), (iii), (iv) only
(v) Study the table below and select the row that has the incorrect information.
(a) Location Cytoplasm Mitochondria
(b) End Product C02 and H20 Ethanol and C02
(c) Amount of ATP High Low
(d) Oxygen Needed Not needed
Ans. Location Aerobic-Cytoplasm and Anaerobic-Mitochondria
18. Read the following and answer any four questions from 18 (i) to 18 (v).
The ability of an atom to donate electrons and form positive ion (cation) is known as electropositivity or metallic character. Down the group, metallic character increases due to increase in atomic size and across the period, from left to right electropositivity decreases due to decrease in atomic size.
The ability of an atom to accept electrons to form a negative ion (anion) is called non-metallic character or electronegativity. The elements having high electro-negativity have a higher tendency to gain electrons and form anion. Down the group, electronegativity decreases due to increase in atomic size and across the period, from left to right electronegativity increases due to decrease in atomic size
(i) Which of the following correctly represents the decreasing order of metallic character of Alkali metals plotted in the graph?
(a) Cs > Rb > Li > Na > K
(b) K > Rb > Li > Na > Cs
(c) Cs > Rb > K > Na > Li
(d) Cs > K > Rb > Na > Li
Ans. Cs > Rb > K > Na > Li
(ii) Hydrogen is placed along with Alkali metals in the modern periodic table though it shows non- metallic character
(a) as Hydrogen has one electron and readily loses electron to form negative ion
(b) as Hydrogen can easily lose one electron like alkali metals to form positive ion
(c) as Hydrogen can gain one electron easily like Halogens to form negative ion
(d) as Hydrogen shows the properties of non-metals
Ans. As Hydrogen can easily lose one electron like alkali metals to form positive ion
(iii) Which of the following has highest electronegativity?
(iv) Identify the reason for the gradual change in electronegativity in halogens down the group.
(a) Electronegativity increases down the group due to decrease in atomic size
(b) Electronegativity decreases down the group due to decrease in tendency to lose electrons
(c) Electronegativity decreases down the group due to increase in atomic radius/ tendency to gain electron decreases
(d) Electronegativity increases down the group due to increase in forces of attractions between nucleus & valence electrons
Ans. Electronegativity decreases down the group due to increase in atomic radius/ tendency to gain electron decreases.
(v) Which of the following reason correctly justifies that “Fluorine (72pm) has smaller atomic radius than Lithium (152pm)”?
(a) F and Li are in the same group. Atomic size increases down the group
(b) F and Li are in the same period. Atomic size increases across the period due to increase in number of shells
(c) F and Li are in the same group. Atomic size decreases down the group
(d)F and Li are in the same period and across the period atomic size/radius decreases from left to right.
Ans. F and Li are in the same period and across the period atomic size/radius decreases from left to right.
19. Read the following and answer any four questions from 19 (i) to 19 (v).
Sumati wanted to see the stars of the night sky. She knows that she needs a telescope to see those distant stars. She finds out that the telescopes, which are made of lenses, are called refracting telescopes and the ones which are made of mirrors are called reflecting telescopes.
So she decided to make a refracting telescope. She bought two lenses, Ll and L2. 0ut of which Ll was bigger and L2 was smaller. The larger lens gathers and bends the light, while the smaller lens magnifies the image. Big, thick lenses are more powerful. So to see far away, she needed a big powerful lens. Unfortunately, she realized that a big lens is very heavy.
Heavy lenses are hard to make and difficult to hold in the right place. Also since the light is passing through the lens, the surface of the lens has to be extremely smooth. Any flaws in the lens will change the image. It would be like looking through a dirty window.
(i) Based on the diagram shown, what kind of lenses would Sumati need to make the telescope?
(a) Concave lenses
(b) Convex lenses
(c) Bifocal lenses
(d) Flat lenses
Ans. Convex lenses
(ii) If the powers of the lenses L1 and L2 are in the ratio of 4:1, what would be the ratio of the focal length of L1 and L2?
Pl=1/fl and P2=1/f2
Pl/P2=4/1, hence (1/fl)/(1/f2) = 4/1
(iii) What is the formula for magnification obtained with a lens?
(a) Ratio of height of image to height of object
(b) Double the focal length.
(c) Inverse of the radius of curvature.
(d) Inverse of the object distance.
Ans. Ratio of height of image to height of object
(iv) Sumati did some preliminary experiment with the lenses and found out that the magnification of the eyepiece (L2) is 3. If in her experiment with L2 she found an image at 24 cm from the lens, at what distance did she put the object?
(a) 72 cm
(b) 12 cm
(c) 8 cm
(d) 6 cm
Ans. m=v/u 3=24/u
Hence u = 8cm
(v) Sumati bought not-so-thick lenses for the telescope and polished them. What advantages, if any, would she have with her choice of lenses?
(a) She will not have any advantage as even thicker lenses would give clearer images.
(b) Thicker lenses would have made the telescope easier to handle.
(c) Not-so-thick lenses would not make the telescope very heavy and also allow considerable amount of light to pass.
(d) Not-so-thick lenses will give her more magnification.
Ans. Not-so-thick lenses would not make the telescope very heavy and they will also allow considerable amount of light to pass through them.
20. Read the following and answer any 4 questions from 20 (i) to 20 (v).
A solenoid is a long helical coil of wire through which a current is run in order to create a magnetic field. The magnetic field of the solenoid is the superposition of the fields due to the current through each coil. It is nearly uniform inside the solenoid and close to zero outside and is similar to the field of a bar magnet having a north pole at one end and a south pole at the other depending upon the direction of current flow. The magnetic field produced in the solenoid is dependent on a few factors such as, the current in the coil, number of turns per unit length etc.
The following graph is obtained by a researcher while doing an experiment to see the variation of the magnetic field with respect to the current in the solenoid.
The unit of magnetic field as given in the graph attached is in milli-Tesla (mT) and the current is given in Ampere
(i) What type of energy conversion is observed in a linear solenoid?
(a) Mechanical to Magnetic
(b) Electrical to Magnetic
(c) Electrical to Mechanical
(d) Magnetic to Mechanical
Ans. Electrical to Mechanical.
(ii) What will happen if a soft iron bar is placed inside the solenoid?
(a) The bar will be electrocuted resulting in short-circuit.
(b) The bar will be magnetised as long as there is current in the circuit.
(c) The bar will be magnetised permanently.
(d) The bar will not be affected by any means.
Ans. The bar will be magnetised as long as there is current in the circuit.
(iii) The magnetic field lines produced inside the solenoid are similar to that of .
(a) a bar magnet
(b) a straight current carrying conductor
(c) a circular current carrying loop
(d) electromagnet of any shape
Ans. A bar magnet
(iv) After analysing the graph a student writes the following statements.
I.The magnetic field produced by the solenoid is inversely proportional to the current.
II.The magnetic field produced by the solenoid is directly proportional to the current.
III. The magnetic field produced by the solenoid is directly proportional to square of the current.
IV. The magnetic field produced by the solenoid is independent of the current.
Choose from the following which of the following would be the correct statement(s).
(a). 0nly IV
(b). I and III and IV
(c) I and II
(d) 0nly II
Ans. 0nly II.
(v) From the graph deduce which of the following statements is correct.
(a). For a current of 0.8 A the magnetic field is 13 mT
(b). For larger currents, the magnetic field increases non-linearly.
(c). For a current of 0.8 A the magnetic field is 1.3 mT.
(d). There is not enough information to find the magnetic field corresponding to 0.8A current.
Ans. For a current of 0.8A the magnetic field is 13 mT
21. Bile juice does not have any digestive enzyme but still plays a significant role in the process of digestion. Justify the statement.
Ans. Bile juice makes the acidic food coming from the stomach alkaline for the action of pancreatic enzymes. Bile salts break the large globules of fat in the intestine to smaller globules increasing the efficiency of enzyme action. This is similar to the emulsifying action of soaps on dirt.
In birds and mammals the left and right side of the heart are separated. Give reasons.
Ans. The separation keeps oxygenated and deoxygenated blood from mixing allowing a highly efficient supply of oxygen to the body. This is useful in animals that have high energy needs (birds and mammals) which constantly use energy to maintain their body temperature.
22. State the events occurring during the process of photosynthesis. Is it essential that these steps take place one after the other immediately?
Ans. 6CO2 + 6H2O → C6H12O6 + 6O2
Carbon dioxide Water Chlorophyl Carbohydrate Oxygen
Absorption of light energy by chlorophyll.
1. Conversion of light energy to chemical energy and splitting of water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen.
2. Reduction of carbon dioxide to carbohydrates.
These steps need not take place one after the other immediately. For example, desert plants take up carbon dioxide at night and prepare an intermediate which is acted upon by the energy absorbed by the chlorophyll during the day
23. Give a test that can be used to confirm the presence of carbon in a compound. With a valency of 4, how is carbon able to attain noble gas configuration in its compounds?
Ans. 1. Burn compound in air/ oxygen; Gas evolved turns lime water milky
2. By sharing its four valence electrons with other elements.
The number of carbon compounds is more than those formed by all other elements put together. Justify the statement by giving two reasons.
Ans. 1. Due to self linking ability of carbon/catenation
2. Since carbon has a valency of four it can form bonds with four other atoms of carbon or atoms of some other mono-valent element.
3. Due to small size of carbon it forms very strong and (or) stable bonds with other elements
24. The following observations were made by a student on treating four metals P, Q, R and S with the given salt solutions:
Based on the above observations:
(a) Arrange the given samples in the increasing order of reactivity
(b) Write the chemical formulae of products formed when Q reacts with CuS04 solution.
Ans. (i). S>R>P>Q
(ii). Cu and QS04
25. A student observes the above phenomenon in the lab as a white light passes through a prism. Among many other colours, he observed the position of the two colours Red and Violet. What is the phenomenon called? What is the reason for the violet light to bend more than the red light?
Ans. The phenomenon is called dispersion.
Speed of Violet Light inside the prism is slowest and that of Red is highest. Hence, deviation of Violet Light is maximum and that of Red is minimum.
26. A student has two resistors- 2 Q and 3 Q. She has to put one of them in place of R2 as shown in the circuit. The current that she needs in the entire circuit is exactly 9A. Show by calculation which of the two resistors she should choose.
Ans. The overall current needed = 9A. The voltage is 12V
Hence by 0hm’s Law V=IR,
The resistance for the entire circuit = 12/9 = 4/3 Ω. = R
Rl and R2 are in parallel.
Hence, R=(Rl R2)/(Rl + R2) = 4R2/(4+R2) = 4/3Ω
R2 = 2Ω
27. After self-pollination in pea plants with round, yellow seeds, following types of seeds were obtained by Mendel:
Analyse the result and describe the mechanism of inheritance which explains these results.
Ans. The ratio obtained is 9:3:3:1 in which parental as well as new combinations are observed. This indicates that progeny plants have not inherited a single whole gene set from each parent.
Every germ cell takes one chromosome from the pair of maternal and paternal chromosomes. When two germ cells combine, segregation of one pair of characters is independent of other pair of characters.
In humans, there is a 50% probability of the birth of a boy and 50 % probability that a girl will be born. Justify the statement on the basis of the mechanism of sex-determination in human beings.
Ans.In human beings, the genes inherited from our parents decide whether we will be boys or girls. Women have a perfect pair of sex chromosomes (XX). But, men have a mismatched pair (XY).
All children will inherit an X chromosome from their mother regardless of whether they are boys or girls. Thus, the sex of the children will be determined by what they inherit from their father. A child who inherits an X chromosome from her father will be a girl, and one who inherits a Y chromosome from him will be a boy.
28. Plastic cups were used to serve tea in trains in early days- these could be returned to the vendors, cleaned and reused. Later,Kulhads were used instead of plastic cups. Now, paper cups are used for serving tea. What are the reasons for the shift from Plastic to Kulhads and then finally to paper cups?
Ans. Use of Plastic cups raised the concern towards hygiene thus they were replaced by disposable plastic cups.
Plastic cups are non-biodegradable and harm the environment friendly. They were thus replaced by Kulhads.
Making Kulhad made of clay on a large scale resulted in the loss of top fertile soil.
Now, disposable paper cups are used because – the paper can be recycled, it is biodegradable and is eco- friendly material which does not cause environmental pollution.
29. Explain where and how urine is produced?
Ans. 1. Blood passes through filtration units in the kidney called nephron
2. Passes through glomerulus in the Bowman’s capsule – Ultra filtration
3. Filtrate initially has glucose, amino acids, water, salts and nitrogenous waste
4. Reabsorption – Water (as per the need of the body), Glucose and amino acids are all reabsorbed –
5. Secretion of excess water, salts and urea (nitrogenous waste) which makes up the urine
30.(a) Which of the following reactions is/ are an endothermic reaction(s) where decomposition also happens?
• Heating of lead nitrate
• Decomposition of organic matter
• Electrolysis of acidified water
(b). Silver chloride when kept in the open turns grey. Illustrate this with a balanced chemical equation.
Ans. (a) Heating of lead nitrate; and electrolysis of acidified water
2AgCl(s) → 2Ag(s) + Cl2 (g)
(No deduction for not mentioning state of reactants and products.)
31. The following table shows the position of five elements A, B, C, D and E in the modern periodic table
Answer the following giving reasons:
(i) Which element is a metal with valency two?
(ii) Which element is least reactive?
(iii) Out of D and E which element has a smaller atomic radius?
Ans. (i) D, As it is on the left side of the table in group 2
(ii) C, as it is in the group 18/ Noble gas
(iii) E, as we move from left to right across a period, atomic radius decreases
32. (a) Explain the formation of Calcium Chloride with the help of electron dot structure. (At numbers: Ca = 20; Cl = 17)
(b) Why do ionic compounds not conduct electricity in solid state but conduct electricity in molten and aqueous state?
(b) Ionic compounds do not conduct electricity in solid state due to absence of free ions but they conduct electricity in molten and aqueous state due to presence of free ions
33. Refractive index of water with respect to air is 1.33 and that of diamond is 2.42.
(i) In which medium does the light move faster, water or diamond?
(ii) What is the refractive index of diamond with respect to water?
Ans. Refractive index = speed of light in vacuum / speed of light in medium.
Since the refractive index of diamond is more, hence the speed of light is lesser in diamond. Let speed of light in water vevw and in diamond bevd.
Refractive index of diamond w.r.t water is say n =
Speed of light in water / speed of light in diamond.
n = vw/vd
Dividing both numerator and denominator by speed of light [c] we get
n = (vw/c) -; (vd/c) = Inverse Ratio of refractive index of water and diamond.
n= 2.42/1.33 = 1.82 (approx.)
34. Match the following pH values 1, 7, 10, 13 to the solutions given below:
1. Milk of magnesia
2. Gastric juices
4. Aqueous Sodium hydroxide.
Amit and Rita decided to bake a cake and added baking soda to the cake batter. Explain with a balanced reaction, the role of the baking soda. Mention any other use of baking soda.
Ans. 1. Milk of magnesia 10
2. Gastric juices 1
3. Brine 7
4. Aqueous Sodium hydroxide 13
Baking soda undergoes thermal decomposition to form Na2C03, C02 and H20; C02 makes the cake fluffy & soft
NaHC03 → Na2C03 + C02 + H20
Used in fire extinguishers/ antacid to neutralize excess acid in stomach to neutralize the effect of acid in insect sting.
(i) Four samples A, B, C and D change the colour of pH paper or solution to Green, Reddish-pink, Blue and Orange. Their pH was recorded as 7, 2, 10.5 & 6 respectively. Which of the samples has the highest amount of Hydrogen ion concentration? Arrange the four samples in the decreasing order of their pH.
(ii) Rahul found that the Plaster of Paris, which he stored in a container, has become very hard and lost its binding nature. What is the reason for this? Also, write a chemical equation to represent the reaction taking place.
(iii) Give any one use of Plaster of Paris other than for plastering or smoothening of walls.
Ans. (i) (a) B
(b) C, A, D, B
(ii) Due to moisture in the atmosphere it converted into Gypsum
CaS04+112 H20 → CaS04.2H20
(iii) Making toys/dolls or statues /fixing broken limbs/making decorative materials.
35. Trace the changes that take place in a flower from gamete formation to fruit formation.
1. Stamen is the male reproductive part and it produces pollen grains.
2. The ovary contains ovules and each ovule has an egg cell.
3. The pollen needs to be transferred from the stamen to the stigma.
4. If this transfer of pollen occurs in the same flower, it is referred to as self-pollination./ 0n the other hand, if the pollen is transferred from one flower to another, it is known as cross-pollination.
5. After the pollen lands on a suitable stigma, it has to reach the female germ-cells which are in the ovary. For this, a tube grows out of the pollen grain and travels through the style to reach the ovary/Figure
6.The male germ-cell produced by pollen grain fuses with the female gamete present in the ovule.
7.This fusion of the germ-cells or fertilisation gives the zygote.
8. After fertilisation, the zygote divides several times to form an embryo within the ovule.
9. The ovule develops a tough coat and is gradually converted into a seed. The ovary grows rapidly and ripens to form a fruit.
10. Meanwhile, the petals, sepals, stamens, style and stigma may shrivel and fall off.
36. In the given circuit, A, B, C and D are four lamps connected with a battery of 60V
Analyse the circuit to answer the following questions.
(i) What kind of combination are the lamps arranged in (series or parallel)?
(ii) Explain with reference to your above answer, what are the advantages of this combination of lamps?
(iii) Explain with proper calculations which lamp glows the brightest? (iv) Find out the total resistance of the circuit.
Ans. The lamps are in parallel.
If one lamp is faulty, it will not affect the working of the other lamps. They will also be using the full potential of the battery as they are connected in parallel.
The lamp with the highest power will glow the brightest.
In this case, all the bulbs have the same voltage. But lamp C has the highest current.
Hence, for Lamp C, P=5 × 60 Watt = 300 W. (the maximum).
The total current in the circuit = 3 + 4 + 5 + 3 A = 15A
The Voltage = 60V
V=IR and hence R = V/I = 60/15 A = 4A
PQ is a current carrying conductor in the plane of the paper as shown in the figure below.
(i) Find the directions of the magnetic fields produced by it at points R and S?
(ii) Given r1P r2, where will the strength of the magnetic field be larger? Give reasons.
(iii) If the polarity of the battery connected to the wire is reversed, how would the direction of the magnetic field be changed?
(iv) Explain the rule that is used to find the direction of the magnetic field for a straight current carrying conductor.
Ans. (i) The magnetic field lines produced are into the plane of the paper at R and out of it at S.
(ii) Field at S > Field at P
Magnetic field strength for a straight current carrying conductor is inversely proportional to the distance from the wire.
(iii) The current will be going from top to bottom in the wire shown and the magnetic field lines are now in the clockwise direction on the plane which is perpendicular to the wire carrying current.
(iv) Right hand thumb rule. The thumb is aligned to the direction of the current and the direction in which the fingers are wrapped around the wire will give the direction of the magnetic field.